- Newton, Sir Isaac
- (1642-1727)Natural philosopher, b. at Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, the s. of a small landed proprietor, and ed. at the Grammar School of Grantham and at Trinity Coll., Camb. By propounding the binomial theorem, the differential calculus, and the integral calculus, he began in 1665 the wonderful series of discoveries in pure mathematics, optics, and physics, which place him in the first rank of the philosophers of all time. He was elected Lucasian Prof. of Mathematics at Camb. in 1669, and a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1672, over which body he presided for 25 years from 1703. In the same year his new theory of flight was pub. in a paper before the society. His epoch-making discovery of the law of universal gravitation was not promulgated until 1687, though the first glimpse of it had come to him so early as 1665. The discovery of fluxions, which he claimed, was contested by Leibnitz, and led to a long and bitter controversy between the two philosophers. He twice sat in Parliament for his Univ., and was Master of the Mint from 1699, in which capacity he presented reports on the coinage. He was knighted in 1705, and d. at Kensington in 1727. For a short time, after an unfortunate accident by which a number of invaluable manuscripts were burned, he suffered from some mental aberration. His writings fall into two classes, scientific and theological. In the first are included his famous treatises, Light and Colours (1672), Optics (1704), the Principia (1687), in Latin, its full title being Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica. In the second are his Observations upon the Prophecies of Holy Writ and An Historical Account of Two Notable Corruptions of Scripture. In character N. was remarkable for simplicity, humility, and gentleness, with a great distaste for controversy, in which, nevertheless, he was repeatedly involved. Life by Sir D. Brewster, second ed., 1855, etc.
Short biographical dictionary of English literature . John W. Cousin. 2011.
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Newton,Sir Isaac — Newton, Sir Isaac. 1642 1727. English mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three laws of motion. His treatise on gravitation,… … Universalium
Newton, Sir Isaac — Isaac Newton (Godfrey Kneller, National Portrait Gallery London, 1702) Sir Isaac Newton [ˌaɪzək ˈnjuːtən] (* 25. Dezember 1642jul./ … Deutsch Wikipedia
Newton, Sir Isaac — born Jan. 4, 1643, Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, Eng. died March 31, 1727, London English physicist and mathematician. The son of a yeoman, he was raised by his grandmother. He was educated at Cambridge University (1661–65), where he discovered the… … Universalium
Newton, Sir Isaac — (1642–1727) Scientist. Newton was born in Lincolnshire and was educated at the University of Cambridge. A committed member of the Church of England, he none the less had fairly unconventional religious views, rejecting the notion of the… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Newton , Sir Isaac — (1642–1727) English physicist and mathematician Newton s father, the owner of the manor of Woolsthorpe in Lincolnshire, died three months before Newton was born. The family had land but were neither wealthy nor gentry. Left by his mother in the… … Scientists
Newton, Sir Isaac — (4 ene. 1643, Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, Inglaterra–31 mar. 1727, Londres). Físico y matemático inglés. Hijo de un pequeño terrateniente, fue criado por su abuela. Se educó en la Universidad de Cambridge (1661–65), donde descubrió la obra de René … Enciclopedia Universal
NEWTON, SIR ISAAC — illustrious natural philosopher, born in Woolsthorpe, near Grantham, in Lincolnshire; entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1661, where he applied himself specially to the study of mathematics, invented the method of FLUXIONS (q.v.), and… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Newton, Sir Isaac — (1642 AD 1727 AD) This English mathematician and physicist described the mutual attraction everything in the universe experiences, also called gravity. His mathematical equations let him calculate any object s trajectory in space and time … The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology
Sir Isaac Newton — Isaac Newton (Godfrey Kneller, National Portrait Gallery London, 1702) Sir Isaac Newton [ˌaɪzək ˈnjuːtən] (* 25. Dezember 1642jul./ 4. Januar … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sir Isaac Newton — Isaac Newton Isaac Newton Portrait d’Isaac Newton par Godfrey Kneller (1689) Naissance 4 janvier 1643 Woolsthorpe dans le Lincolnshire ( … Wikipédia en Français